Sleep studies are tests that watch what happens to your body during sleep. The studies are done to find out what is causing your sleep problems.
Sleep apnea is when an adult regularly stops breathing during sleep for 10 seconds or longer. This may be caused by blocked airflow during sleep, such as from narrowed airways, or the apnea may be caused by a problem with how the brain signals the breathing muscles to work.
Some sleep problems include:
• Problems staying awake, such as narcolepsy.
• Problems with nighttime behaviors, such as sleepwalking, night terrors, or bed-wetting.
• Problems sleeping at night (insomnia). This may be caused by stress, depression, hunger, physical discomfort, or other problem.
• Conditions such as periodic limb movement disorder, which is continuous or wild movements of the feet, arms, or legs during sleep.
Sleep studies can also determine whether or not you have a problem with your stages of sleep. The two stages of sleep are Non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) and Rapid Eye Movement (REM). Normally, NREM and REM alternate 4 to 5 times during a night's sleep. A change in this cycle may make it hard for you to sleep soundly.